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But there are several French adjectives that have an additional variation: a special form that is used when the adjective precedes a word that begins with a vowel or mute H. The reason for this special adjective form is to avoid hiatus (the pause between a word that ends in a vowel sound and another that begins with a vowel sound). There are several French adjectives which have irregular feminine and plural forms, as well as a special form when they are placed in front of a masculine noun that begins with a vowel or a mute H: B – French region ending in other vowel or consonant = masculine. If a nouns starts with an “h,” you can tell whether it’s muted or aspirated based on whether its definite article forms a contraction with the noun. The aspired h, on the other hand, does not. A circumflex applies to all vowels, except Y (considered as a vowel): â, ê, î, ô, û. Consonants in French; Semivowels in French; Oral vowels in French; Nasal vowels in French; Footnotes for the IPA chart; You can obtain the phonetic transcription of French words automatically with the French phonetic translator.. On this page, you will find charts with all French consonant and vowel sounds.You will find one French word for each sound in the beginning, middle, and end of a word. If you’re not sure, you can take the gamble and assume it’s silent. That said, French makes a distinction between H when it’s treated like a vowel (H muet, or “muted H”) or a consonant (H aspiré, or “aspirated H”). Irregular French adjectives . When the name of a region ends in any other vowel but “e”, or a consonant, it’s usually masculine: Le Canada, le Japon, le Portugal, le Burundi, le Luxembourg, le Texas… To say you’re going to this place, use “au”: Je vais… au Niger, au Brésil, au Maroc, au Congo The silent H acts as a vowel, so it will allow both elision from the previous word and liasons to be made. For example, le + hébergement becomes l'hébergement ('the accommodation'). The good news here is that la plupart des mots français qui commencent par H sont muet (the majority of French words that begin with H are silent). French Consonants: A consonant is a “brutal” sound caused by an obstruction in the mouth during exhalation. The "h" is always silent, and most "h" words, like "homme", recognize the silence of the "h": therefore, the words act as if they start with a vowel, because when you're speaking they DO start with a vowel. Two combined letters (called orthographic ligatures) are used: æ and œ. The silent h allows for contraction and liaisons, as in the j’habite example above. It is the most common type of “h” in French. Most of the words starting with a h aspiré are borrowed from other languages. French vs English vowels. H-muet. A tréma (French for dieresis) is also applied: ë, ï, ü, ÿ. Essentially, a word starting with a silent h behaves as if it was starting with a vowel. The H muet, or "mute" h , is considered as though the letter were not there at all, so for example the singular definite article le or la, which is elided to l' before a vowel, elides before an H muet followed by a vowel. The majority of French vowels are pronounced closer to the front of the mouth than their English counterparts. (/IPA SYMBOL/ – French Examples) /É¥/ – huile, nuit, lui /w/ – oui, ouest, moi /j/ – yeux, fillette, dieu. 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