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Lychee does not have a natural winter resting period, so it will not benefit from a suspension of watering as do some other fruit trees. Lychee, litchi: Plant Type: Broadleaf evergreen fruit tree: Mature Size: 30 to 100 feet tall outdoors, 10 feet indoors: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Soil Type: Moist, fertile, well-drained soil: Soil pH: 5 to 5.5 (acidic) Bloom Time: Early spring: Flower Color: White, yellow, green: Hardiness Zones: 10 to 11 (USDA) Native Areas Expert Tip: Protect an outdoor lychee tree during an unexpected freeze by covering it with sheets or burlap. Although grown commercially for its fruit, in landscape use it is often used as a shade tree or a specimen fruit tree. In pots, the plants should be repotted every spring until they reach your maximum growing size. As mentioned, lychee trees need to be protected from wind. Today we'll show you how to grow lychee fruits from seed so you can enjoy your own lychee fruits right at home! Treat infestations as soon as possible to prevent them from spreading to the rest of your collection. Fruit Trees & Bushes View All; Apple Trees; Apricot Trees; ... Lychee. This tree grows best in acidic, fertile soil that is moist and well-drained. Because of this, it isn’t any wonder you’re asking what is lychee fruit. Sold Out. The fruit is usually eaten fresh or frozen and can be made into sauces, jam, puree, or preserves. There are so many that are unfamiliar, but that’s the fun of it. * Not a valid Zip Code Growing Zone Zip Code Find my Growing Zone View USDA Growing Zone Map. In the United States, lychee trees grow well in USDA zones 10a through 11b. Since the tree is subtropical, it can be grown in USDA zones 10-11 only. Many different cultivars of lychee are used in different areas of the world. Recommended cultivars for fruit production include: Lychee trees begin producing fruit in 3-5 years. Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. In an orchard, pollination is done by insects, but for indoor trees, you will have to hand-pollinate. Emperor Lychee Tree. A beautiful specimen tree with its shiny leaves and attractive fruit, lychee thrives in deep, fertile, well-draining soil. Each drupe contains one shiny, dark brown seed. 2. Read on to answer those questions, and learn about growing lychee trees and harvesting lychee fruit. Take lychee fruit, for instance. Lychee is surprisingly tolerant of cold and can tolerate short blasts of almost-freezing weather, but is really prefers warmer temperatures. They prefer an acidic soil of pH 5.0-5.5. Fruit taken when it’s green will not ripen any further. To sprout seeds, cover them with potting soil, keep warm and moist, and wait for sprouts to emerge (which can take weeks). Native to southeastern China, the lychee tree (Litchi chinensis) is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11. Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. A home grower is more likely to start lychee from seed. Once they've sprouted, move to a sunnier spot after a few weeks. Where I live in the Pacific Northwest we are privy to a plethora of Asian markets and there’s nothing more fun than tooling around investigating every package, fruit and vegetable. While the trees will tolerate slightly water logged soil and light flooding for short periods, continual standing water is a no-no. Young plants that are not used to full sun will suffer from sudden exposure to bright light, but once acclimated, they will definitely perform better. Lychee is a flowering and fruiting tree that can grow as tall as 30 to 40 feet (9 to 12 m.). Thanks to its delicious fruit and lush, deep green foliage, the lychee has since become a staple in yards and homes in tropical and subtropical regions. Fruit Trees . Lychee can be maintained as small patio trees in warmer climes or grown into 35- or 40-foot trees in the ground. It can be eaten fresh, dried, or canned. Other than minor maintenance, lychee tree care is fairly minimal and it will reward you with years of beauty and succulent fruit. Cut the entire bunch of fruit close to the branch to harvest. You can test one fruit in a bunch to see if it is sweet enough. Those in a bit cooler climates can grow it in large containers and bring indoors to a protected location during winter. Each … Feed with a weak liquid fertilizer throughout the growing season. They prefer an acidic soil of pH 5.0-5.5. Signs of infestation include tiny webs on plants, clumps of white "powdery" residue, or visible insects on the plant. Shop Trees & Plants . Adding Mycorrhizal fungi to your potted tree will increase the root growth and their ability to distribute/absorb nutrients and water. In growing zone 9a-9b, they do well as long as the Winter cold snaps do not stay below … What To Do With Lychees: Learn How To Use Lychee Fruits, Why Is My Lychee Turning Brown – What Do Brown Lychee Leaves Mean, Treating A Sick Lychee Tree – Learn How To Manage Lychee Diseases, Prickly Kale Leaves – Does Kale Have Thorns, Corn Husk Wreath Ideas: How To Make A Corn Husk Wreath, DIY Air Plant Wreaths: Wreath Making With Air Plants, Growing Jasmine In Zone 9: Best Jasmine Plants For Zone 9 Gardens, Calibrachoa Winter Care: Can You Overwinter Calibrachoa Million Bells, Medicinal Uses For Verbena – Using Verbena In Cooking And Beyond, Self-Fruiting Apple Trees: Learn About Apples That Pollinate Themselves, Thanksgiving Tradition: Turning Homegrown Pumpkins Into Pie, Growing Thanksgiving Dinner – Must Have Turkey Side Dishes, Interesting Uses For Pecans: What To Do With Pecans, The Bountiful Garden: Bringing The Garden To Thanksgiving. The brown seed inside the fruit is poisonous and should be discarded (or planted). The seed of the lychee is poisonous to humans as it contains a chemical that causes low blood sugar. When growing lychee trees, be sure to … To be brought to bloom, lychee needs to be exposed to cold temperatures (32 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit) for at least 100 hours in the winter. Sign up for our newsletter. 15. These plants prefer ample and regular water throughout the year. This has resulted in outbreaks of serious sickness in undernourished children in India during lychee harvest time. They will then bloom early in the spring and bear fruit in the early summer. For indoor growing, select a pot 1 to 2 sizes larger than your plant's shipped container, use organic soil mix, and place the potted Lychee in a sunny area. Water the root system thoroughly the day before cold weather arriv… Lychee, litchi chinensis, is a part of the Soapberry family and is a tropical tree native to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of China. The most notable of the soapberry family, Sapindaceae, lychee trees bloom in the late winter to early spring. Showing 1 - 2 of 2 items. To harvest the fruit, allow them to turn red. What’s lychee fruit, you ask? The ideal climate is warm and humid, but with a short cool dry period that assists pollination and development of flowers and fruit. Keep a lookout for mealybugs, aphids, and mites. However, those living in the warmest regions of zone 9b can grow a lychee tree provided the tree gets protection during an unexpected freeze. When growing lychee trees, be sure to plant them in a protected area. The fruits of the lychee grow in bunches. These trees love high humidity. Sold Out. Roots will form in the cut area, allowing the grower to cut off the whole branch and plant it as a small tree. A beautiful specimen tree with its shiny leaves and attractive fruit, lychee thrives in deep, fertile, well-draining soil. Spray it on the lychee per the product directions and it should kill the pests on contact. The beautiful lychee tree originated in southern China and has been around for thousands of years. The lychee bears small, dimpled fleshy fruit with a light, perfume-like flavor. It is native to southern China and needs a warm climate to grow; the lychee is only hardy to zones 10 and 11. Be sure to safely discard the seed and keep it away from accidental ingestion by children or pets. Give the tree regular watering and fertilize twice a year with an organic fertilizer. For more details, see our, 30 to 100 feet tall outdoors, 10 feet indoors, Guangdong and Fujian provinces of Southern China (tropical), How to Grow and Care for Sweet Cherry Trees, How to Grow and Care for Velvet Banana Trees, How to Grow and Care for the Autograph Tree. Proper pruning will also mitigate wind damage. Once peeled, the interior of fruit is whitish, semi-transparent, and juicy. Watering: Lychees are moderately drought tolerant. Lychee thrives in full sun, but be aware that the plants need to be acclimated. This a sophisticated technique where growers make a cut into a thin branch and then surround it with a packet of moist moss or soil. The fruit is round to oval and 1-1.5 inches (25-38 mm.) Whether you are gifted with a green thumb or not, our guide will help you grow the perfect houseplants. Lychee fruit is a rarity in the United States, probably because it isn’t commercially grown on the mainland with the exception of small farms in Florida. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Growing Zones: 9-11 outdoors Sold Out. Their dense canopy can be caught up by the wind, causing the trees to topple over. The most popular cultivars in the U.S. include: Lychee trees will take at least five years to mature before bearing any fruit. Lychee does not like alkaline soils, so amending garden soil with pine bark or pine needles may be necessary. Still, it can be fun to sprout these seeds in an attempt to grow an attractive plant. You must expose the tree to cold temperatures for at least 100 hours in the winter if you want it to bloom and then bear fruit, and the female flowers have to be pollinated. The tree itself, Litchi chinensis, is a large, long-living subtropical evergreen that bears fruit from May through August in Hawaii. Lychee is a tropical broadleaf evergreen tree native to China, where it grows in a warm, wet climate. Allow them to ripen on the tree to a pink-red color. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! While it isn’t commonly found here, lychee has been prized for centuries by the Chinese who passed it along to Burma in the late 17th century, who in turn brought it to India. Plant it in a full sun location. across and a bumpy textured pink to red in color. Lychee Tree. The fruit, which is really a drupe, grows in clusters. Wishlist. However, newly-planted trees should be watered regularly … 0. How do you grow lychee? If you are trying to grow it as a potted plant, use a slightly acidic potting soil. To keep your lychee healthy, don't let it dry out and make sure the soil is slightly acidified. Plant a lychee tree in a location that is protected from wind, because this tree can be susceptible to wind damage. The outside of the fruit has a rough, pink-red skin that is inedible and the inside flesh is clear to white and sweet. Sold Out. To help keep the plant smaller, aggressively prune the main growing trunks annually to encourage a smaller, bushier plant. It's more of a novelty plant and will be unlikely to ever bear fruit or grow to maturity (unless you have a greenhouse). Like many other tropical fruits, such as avocado, lychee is not a natural choice for indoor gardeners. A product like Pyrethrum is made to control aphids and pests that flock to fruit trees. The tree can reach 30-40 feet (9-12 m.) in height. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Once harvested, the fruit can be stored in the refrigerator in a plastic bag for up to 2 weeks. Spray it on the plant smaller, aggressively prune the main growing trunks annually lychee growing zone encourage smaller... Grow ; the lychee bears small, dimpled fleshy fruit with a short dry... A plastic bag for up to get all the latest gardening tips you how to grow an plant... 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