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In looking at this from the perspective of time, "the future" is always hidden but it is always "showing up." Paul's verse also echoes Christ's words in Matthew 5:16, "Let your light so shine...", which connects the idea of fire to light. Of course, this phrase is used most often in relation to casting people into the "outer darkness" for example in Matthew 8:12, Matthew 22:13, and Matthew 25:30. Fire consumes things, destroying them. Those weeds are gathered to be burned at the same time that wheat is gathered to be made into bread. However, candles made of wax were uncommon in Christ's era and region, much less common than they were in churches in the KJV era. A fun way of saying this is that the meaning of "truth" is obscured in English. It is most often translated as "candle" in the NT, though it is hard to understand why. Similarly, Jesus also uses the absence of sight, blindness, to mean ignorance as in Matthew 15:14. So the Greek word for "fire" is used by Jesus as punishment, while the word for "light" is associated with knowledge, truth, and virtue. However, the word is used more frequently for ovens used for baking bread or bricks. This earthly light is temporary because its fuel is consumed. Christ is pretty specific in saying that the part of the human life that is destroyed in the fire is "the body", which he mentions many times. Today we have forms of earthly light that are not obviously also forms of fire. This image is similar to the one evoked by the "Parable of the Weeds", where the weeds are bundled to be burnt, while the wheat the makes the bread is gathered into barns (Matthew 13:30). A wide variety of people suffer this fate. The word for light is the Hebrew word 'or, pronounced as ore. The word ballo was translated unusually as "send" in the ballo was translated unusually as "send" in the Luke 12:49, "I come to send a fire on earth.". This phrase is used as an example of Christ's use of exaggeration as humor (see Christ's Humor), but it is particularly strange when applied to being tossed into a fire because the "gnashing of teeth" actually means "chattering of teeth" as if cold. The English word light is taken from the Greek word phos (φώς). From the first time it is used, it is also used in the context of a word that is translated as "hell". Christ also uses a number of words relating to the opposite of light, "darkness". More likely, lynchos refers to an oil lamp in the house, where lampas refers to an oil lamp or torch meant to be carried. Christ uses it six times in this context. This was not true in Jesus's day when all earthly forms of producing light were forms of fire. One is the common word for darkness, skotos, which is its root. This word works very much like we use "see" to mean "know" in English statements like, "Do you see what I am saying?" So "truth" requires "light". "Cast out" is from ekballo and means "throw out", "cast out of a place," and "expose." Again, this happens by contrast with darkness. The metaphoric meanings of the most general and common word (phos) for "light" in Greek is "happiness", "victory", and "glory". Their uses often seem extreme, as in plucking out your eye and tossing it away. The most obvious source of the meaning of "light" as knowledge comes from the association of light with sight. ekballo" and "ballo" are favorite words that Christ uses in a lot of different contexts. Its metaphoric meaning is "deliverance", "happiness", "victory", and "glory". The prefix, ek means "out of", "from," and "away from" and the root word, ballo is "to throw" or "to scatter." ballo" are favorite words that Christ uses in a lot of different contexts. It is important to note that in Christ's time, "fire" was understood to be the only source of light on earth. A very different prayerbook: Christ's Words in Matthew as a Guide to 40 Days of Prayer . The fire outside of Jerusalem was a perpetual fire, in the sense that it never went out. As the good seeds ("children of the kingdom") and the weeds ("children of worthlessness") were raised in the field ("the world"), they both end up in the pot together, the weeds fueling the fire and the wheat benefiting from it. It means "light" when you are talking about the light of torches. The overall effect is light-hearted and humorous. However, we should also recognize that the effects of fire refer to by Jesus are baking bread in ovens and giving light through lamps. It is used ten times in John, including famous statements such as "I am the light of the world." The next is looking at a woman as a sex object, where plucking out an eyeball or cutting off a hand is offered as an alternative (Matthew 5:29). The psyche, the memory of a life, is lost to preserve the anima, the divine spirit of our unique self-awareness. Several Greek words are translated as "light" in the Gospels. Another form of heavenly light is also hidden within use. However, in Matthew 10:28, he also mentions the "soul", but to understand what that means, we have to look carefully at how Christ defines the Greek concept of psyche, which is discussed extensively in this article. After the Bible, the most common Greek word for light (phos) began to be used to mean "illumination of the mind", which may have com from its Hebrew source via the Septuagint Greek (again see below). In at least one way, Jesus even equates fire with darkness. Almost all of these words are forms of fire. It is used only three times by Jesus in the Gospels. Earthly first is temporary but it is visible, attracting attention. Christ's Words in Matthew as a Guide to 40 Days of Prayer . The overall context overall context for Christ's statement about people being "tossed into a fire" is negative precisely to the same degree being tossed into the darkness. It specifically means "torch", but it also means"light," and any type of "lamp." This word, as it is with most New Testament words, finds it's origin in the Tanakh. Of these words, the one that comes the closest to the meaning of the English word "light" is phos, which we have discussed above. Why? But the ovens Christ describes are different. Their uses often seem extreme, as in plucking out your eye and tossing it away. All of them gave off heat, which is why the moon's light seemed more mysterious. Many different Greek words are translated as "light" in the Gospels--phos,(φῶς) pheggos (φέγγος), and, less correctly, lychnos (λύχνος). But the "Greek" word used is geenna (γέενναν) which is Greek for Gehenna, the valley of Hinnom (the Hebrew word), south of Jerusalem where trash, including diseased animals and human corpses, was burned. A constant fire was kept burning there for the purpose of cleaning up waste. If "light" was "good", how could "fire", which was what generated light, be "bad"? In Greek, none of these words have the same sense of knowledge or virtue that the word "light" has in English. We should also mention a larger context here that relates "burning" to "sin". In Jewish law, Jews could atone for their sins by offering an "atoning sacrifice", where a person's goods are destroyed in a fire to atone for his mistakes. All of these words also have different associations in the Greek of the era than they do with the English words of our time. As a final note, we might notice that in Matthew 6:30, Christ uses a Greek word for a small, clay vessel used for baking bread, translated as "oven". Of course, like everything on earth, fire combines both good and bad. -- The Mysteries of Jesus's Greek Revealed. Hinnom (the Hebrew word), south of Jerusalem where trash, including diseased animals and human corpses, was burned. The first word, phos, is used generically for light. This makes sense in the context of the "outer darkness" but not so much in the context of being tossed in a fire. This fact tells you something about the dentistry of the times. The various lights in the sky could only be interpreted in terms of what was understood on earth. So this phrase describes pain, even if it is described in a colorful way. The reason is that they do not want their deeds to be seen. NASB Translation. The Hebrew word is spelled “Aleph, Vav, Resh. Another word commonly associated with "fire" and "tossing out" is the word translated as "furnace" in Matthew 13:42 and Matthew 13:50. This is the Greek word used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew 'owr, which has many metaphorical meanings, one of them being the "light of learning". Because we can see what is ahead, but we cannot see what is behind. These aspect of English may have come from Jesus's equating these ideas. This word means "bright" and "shining." Jesus uses all four of these words contrasting their various meaning against each other. And, much more seriously, in Matthew 25:41, where those "on the left" are sent into "everlasting punishment" (Matthew 25:46). However, Luke (Luke 11:33) uses to mean the light of a candle in a verse that is a different version of one where Matthew uses phos (Matthew 5:15). However, there is a connection between the word for "light" and "truth" discussed below. Christ also references this fact in Matthew 6:30, where he states that the "grasses of the field" are here today and tomorrow "tossed into ovens" (the word is, unsurprisingly ballo). To understand how serious this punishment is, we should note the behaviors to which is it applied. This also explains Christ opposition to doing good works just to be seen. Heavenly light is permanent, never burning out, but it is sometimes hidden at night. Darkness is the absence of light, either earthly and temporary, or transcendent and eternal, but the eternal is also hidden from the temporary and by the temporary. Jesus o uses "light", specifically phos, to mean knowledge in his frequent use of it in contrasts with "darkness". There is no form of fire that people can make direct contact with and not feel the pain. It means "light", specifically "daylight" and, more generally, "illumination". Darkness is not the same as what is "hidden." It burns, but it is never consumed, like a certain bush. Once in Matthew 18:8, which is another verse where cutting off and hand or foot is suggested as better than having the whole body thrown into "everlasting" file. The Greek word for "darkness" that is used is skotos (σκότος), which means "darkness" and "secret." Though the Greek word for "oven" is different, it too describes an oven, though a smaller one, used for baking bread. Another general word for light is pheggos, which means "light", specifically, "moonlight", and "splendor". The description of the suffering, however, is odd: "weeping and gnashing of teeth." In Matthew 13:42 and again in Matthew 13:50, Christ describes how the "weeds" ("false wheat") and "the wicked" are cast into the fire, where there will be "wailing and gnashing teeth." The first statement regarding the liability of being "tossed into the fires of the trash heap" is insulting your brother (Matthew 5:22). These both seem to be obvious examples of Christ's use of exaggeration in using humor (more about this in this article). It is used only three times by Jesus in the Gospels. to be or become light. We think of the future as "ahead" of us, but the Greeks thought of it as "behind" us. The Hebrew word for light is ‘or which is spelled differently than the Aramaic word which is spelled Nun, Hei, and Resh. Christ only discusses "fire" in the context of a judgment of some type. Biblical translation has a tendency to use the most general meaning or poetic meaning rather than the specific meaning indicated by Jesus's choice of words. Other less common words for understanding, such as katanoeo (κατανοεῖς), are also used in relation to sight (see Matthew 7:3 And why do you see the mote in your brother's eye). typhlos, which means "blind", "lacking vision of the future," [of things]"dim", "obscure", "dark," [of passages] "blind", "enclosed", "with no outlet," and is a metaphor for lacking sense.". ּ֗ל, אֱלֹהִ֥ים הֲשִׁיבֵ֑נוּ, צְבָא֣וֹת הֲשִׁיבֵ֑נוּ. 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