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[4][9] Due to these extreme breeding altitudes, they are very difficult to observe during breeding times. [9] They may breed at a higher altitude than any other breeding bird in North America. [9] A male will defend its female's territory during breeding season, not just the nest but wherever she goes. Breeds in alpine areas, usually near snowfields, glaciers, talus, rockpiles, and cliffs. It is one of four species of rosy finches. Alternative common names include: Roselin à tête grise (in French), Schwarzstirn-Schneegimpel (in German), and Pinzón Montano Nuquigrís (in Spanish). They show little fear of humans. Finch Information. [13], Rosy finches are very environment-specific. [10] Overall length is 140 to 160 mm (5.5–6.3 in), wingspan 33 cm (13 in), and weight 22 to 60 g (0.78–2.12 oz). Medium-sized, chunky finch. In winter, often forages in flocks mixed with other rosy-finch species, which fly up in whirls from feeding areas and roadsides. [4], "Notes on Rosy-Finch Taxonomy, Distribution, and Identification", "Two New Subspecies of Birds from Alaska", "Feedback: Bird Watchers All Atwitter Over Rare Bird In Lewis County", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gray-crowned_rosy_finch&oldid=946749592, Native birds of the Western United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. APPEARANCE: When compared to the size of other finches, the Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch would be considered a medium size finch; The coloration of the Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch is a dark brown, with gray cheek patches that wrap around the back of the head; Their foreheads are black ; Belly, rump and wings are a … L. t. griseonucha permanently resides in the Aleutian Islands and umbrina on the Pribilof Islands. There are currently six recognized subspecies. The gray-crowned rosy finch, or gray-crowned rosy-finch, (Leucosticte tephrocotis) is a species of passerine bird in the family Fringillidae native to Alaska, western Canada, and the north-western United States. [10], The ancestor of the three species of North American rosy finches migrated from Asia. [3][6] The black rosy finch has a black instead of brown body and the brown-capped rosy finch is a lighter brown and lacks the gray face patch. Their call is a buzz-sounding "chew". The gray-crowned rosy finch, or gray-crowned rosy-finch, (Leucosticte tephrocotis) is a species of passerine bird in the family Fringillidae native to Alaska, western Canada, and the north-western United States. Birds of interior North America have brown cheeks. Adult females and juveniles are similar. [6][14], These birds forage on the ground; many fly to catch insects in flight. Individuals on the Pribilof Islands are larger than other forms and they have a darker throat and chest. One both breeds and winters in Washington, and the other, which has less gray on its head, breeds in Alaska and probably the Canadian Rockies, then moves into Washington in winter. Size and plumage varies regionally. See more images of this species in Macaulay Library. Several different populations; some have gray wrapping around the back of the head only above the eye, others have entirely gray cheek. In autumn and winter descends to lower elevations north to southwestern Canada, south to New Mexico and East to the fringes of the western plains. Chunky brown finch with pink highlights on the wings and belly. Gray-crowned Rosy-Finches nest in the highest parts of the highest mountains in North America—the Brooks Range, the Rockies, the Cascades, and the Sierra Nevada—as well as on Alaska’s Aleutian and Pribilof Islands. Finches, Euphonias, and Allies(Order: Passeriformes, Family:Fringillidae). Only one of the subspecies has a breeding range extending into the lower 48 states. Two subspecies of Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch are found in Washington. Breeds in alpine environments near snowline. The other taxa: littoralis, tephrocotis, wallowa, and dawsoni are found from the Canadian and American Rockies and migrate south to the western United States. Known range: Is known as an altitudinal migrant throughout much of the West. The most widespread rosy-finch. Body is the color of milk chocolate. [9] When not breeding they form large flocks of over 1000 individuals which are sometimes known to include snow buntings (P. nivalis), Lapland longspurs (C. lapponicus), and horned larks (E. alpestris), as well as other rosy-finch species. The Gray-crowned Rosy Finch, or Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch, (Leucosticte tephrocotis) is a species of passerine bird in the family Fringillidae native to Alaska, western Canada, and the north-western United States. A small songbird with a short, conical bill and a fairly short tail. This is only the second confirmed report for New York State. They have short black legs and a long forked tail. Adult males are rich brown suffused with pink on the body, with gray sides of the head and a black forecrown and throat. [16] They can be approached to within 1 to 2 m (3.3–6.6 ft). The gray-crowned rosy finch was first classified by English ornithologist William John Swainson in 1832. During the summer they mainly eat insects, such as cutworms, that were caught in updrafts and frozen in snowfields. [3][4][5] Recent mitochondrial DNA evidence shows the rosy finches are all indeed very closely related and can be easily confused with one another. Males typically outnumber females throughout the year. Due to its remote and rocky alpine habitat it is rarely seen. [3][9] They often feed in small flocks. Due to its remote and rocky alpine habitat it is rarely seen. Two of the gray-headed subspecies—griseonucha and umbrina—live on the Aleutian and the Pribilof Islands, respectively. 2000. [7], Within the finch family, the gray-crowned rosy finch is medium-large with a comparatively long notched tail and wing. Juveniles are brownish overall with grayish wings and a dusky bill. They return to alpine regions when snow is still deep in early spring. Adult females are similar but with less extensive pink. Different populations are variable in size and in the amount of gray … Gray-crowned Rosy-Finches are medium-to-large finches with long wings and tails. [6] In the winter they eat seeds from weeds and grasses such as Russian thistle (E. exaltatus), mustard, and sunflower (H. annuus). A chunky brownish finch with pink highlights and a gray crown. This page was last edited on 22 March 2020, at 04:41. Subspecies on the Aleutian and Pribilof Islands are considerably larger, shaped more like a grosbeak than a small finch. A small number of gray-crowned rosy finches winters on the mainland in South-Central Alaska and visits feeders there. The bill is yellow during the nonbreeding season and black during the breeding season. Lining material consists of fine grass, hair, and feathers. Three rather similar subspecies with gray crown markings and brown cheeks, tephrocotis, wallowa, and dawsoni, nest farther east, in interior mountains of the West. Although Gray-crowned Rosy-Finches are not often seen, they are widespread. [1] This bird has been thought to form a superspecies with three other rosy finches (also known as mountain finch): black rosy finch (L. atrata) and the brown-capped rosy finch (L. australis), all of which were classified as the same species as the Asian rosy finch (L. arctoa) from 1983–1993. The "Gray-crowned" form of interior North America has brown cheeks. Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis Swainson (1832) Appearance: – Natural History: – Taxonomy: – Object of study: all vocalisations. There are currently six recognized subspecies. [6][9] They descend in flocks as far as the fringes of the western plains beginning in autumn when the snows get deep. The Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch is a medium-sized, dark brown finch of about 14 to 16 cm in length and 22 to 26 grams in weight; the Pribilof and Aleutian island forms are larger (17 to 21 cm in length and 42 to 60 grams in weight). [9] The areas the subspecies breed in rarely overlap during breeding season. There are currently six recognized subspecies. Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch photo by JT. [6] Both sexes collect the nesting material of grass, roots, lichen, moss, and sedge, but only the female builds the nest. The other gray-headed subspecies, the small littoralis, is often called “Hepburn’s” Rosy-Finch. The other two subspecies are restricted to breeding and wintering grounds on the island chains off of Alaska. The bill is yellow during the winter and black during the breeding season. [11] All rosy finches live in an alpine or tundra environment. Look for pink highlights in the wings, tail and belly. An individual was seen north of Boonville, in Lewis County, NY beginning on Sunday, March 4 through at least Thursday, March 8. [6] Along with one Asian rosy finch and two Asian mountain finches, the three North American rosy finches form the mountain finch genus Leucosticte. FUN GRAY-CROWNED ROSY-FINCH FACTS. When breeding, both males and females develop throat pouches, known as gular pouches or gular skin, to carry food to their chicks,[9][11] a trait seen in only one other North American genus, Pinicola. [9] They are known to use protected areas such as mine shafts and abandoned buildings for nesting. The forehead and throat are black; the back of the head is grey. Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch probably holds the record for highest-altitude breeding bird in North America, as it nests on the slopes of Denali, the continent’s highest peak. Ornithologists recognize six subspecies, three that have mostly grayish faces, three that have gray in the crown but brownish cheeks. In the summer their breeding habitat is rocky islands and barren areas on mountains from Alaska to the northwestern United States. [15] The three subspecies that live in mountain interiors have brown cheeks instead of gray cheeks. The other gray-headed subspecies, the small littoralis, is often called “Hepburn’s” Rosy-Finch. These mountain breeding areas tend to be snowfields and rocky scree. [9] The Pribilof and Aleutian subspecies have a length of 170 to 210 mm (6.7–8.3 in) and weight of 42 to 60 g (1.5–2.1 oz), about twice the size of the other subspecies. There is some variability in the amount of grey on the head. Nests high on mountains, in boulder fields and cliffs, and forages on scree slopes, ice fields, glaciers, meadows, and avalanche areas. MacDougall-Shackleton, S. A., R. E. Johnson, and T. P. Hahn. Chicks continue to be fed by their parents for about two weeks after leaving the nest in late July or early August. It is one of four species of rosy finches. [3][9] They are invariably found amongst rocks. The gray-crowned rosy finch has a wide range[12] and large numbers throughout Alaska, and western Canada and the United States. The Gray-crowned Rosy Finch, Leucosticte tephrocotis, is a medium-sized finch. [6] This delicate pink-and-brown songbird is among the hardiest of all birds. The "Hepburn's" form breeds along the Pacific Northwest coast and has gray cheeks, a blackish throat, and a rich brown body with rosy highlights on the wings and belly. They also feed in the meadows near snowfields. Both sexes feed the chicks, which leave the nest after 2–3 weeks. Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. Hops along on the ground in search of seeds and insects, typically near snowfields or snowmelt. Nest is made of moss, lichen, plant fibers, and animal hair and hidden in a rocky crevice. Due to its remote and rocky alpine habitat it is rarely seen. The "gray-cheeked" Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch are the three subspecies of the GCRF with gray extending down past the auriculars, resulting in a gray cheek. [1] L. t. tephrocotis summers from Montana to the Yukon, while littoralis breeds closer to the coast, from northern California to west-central Alaska. At one time, this bird, the Black Rosy Finch and the Brown-capped Rosy Finch were considered to be the same species as the Asian Rosy Finch. Forms large nomadic flocks during the nonbreeding season in open areas, including mountain meadows, shrublands, roadsides, cultivated areas, and rocky hillsides. To these extreme breeding altitudes, they are invariably found amongst rocks,... 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